Route ID: 1024076



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    Walking route mapped by  Karen Couch Photo
    1 month ago

    Starts near Niagara-on-the-Lake, CASEARCH NEARBY
    Rate this route
    3.816 miles
    91 ft | 91 ft 
    st lb  
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    1. RYE PARK: Courthouse and jail once stood here; Solomon Moseby an escaped slave from Kentucky was tried for extradition here; many people stood up for him; gathering started peacefully however a riot ensued in which he escaped; two freedom fighters were killed, 10 others were tried; most of the male rioters were granted freedom providing they joined the militia. This case helped establish Canadian extradition and refugee policies that are still used today.

    Courthouse bought by Maria Rye and turned into Our Western Home- a place that operated for 70 years housing poor or orphaned immigrant girls from Britain where they were taught how to be domestic help

    2. NEGRO BURIAL GROUND; A Baptist church once stood here; congregation started white, then mixed, then whites moved; the two freedom fighters killed where Rye Park now stands were supposedly buried here, but no tomb stones ever found

    3. ST. ANDREW SCHOOLHOUSE : Presbyterian congregation formed in 1794; church soon to follow and schoolhouse in 1802; at one time part of the the church schoolhouse was used to teach black children; in the War of 1812 Americans burned the church; schoolhouse held services until this church built in 1831.

    4. FORT MISSISSAUGA: built by the British forces, specifically the Coloured Corp; fought in several battles during War of 1812; in 1814 they were reassigned to help build this fort as many were skilled tradesmen; it was dangerous work; the Coloured Corp disbanded in 1815; fort was completed in 1823; Department of National Defense still owns the property and leases it to the golf course;

    5. QUEEN'S ROYAL PARK; at the end of the 18th century 30 African slaves in NOTL and 500-700 in Upper Canada; in 1793 Chloe Cooley's owner tied her up and brought her across the Niagara River by boat; she strongly resisted which drew the attention of freedom fighters; this incident seen as means to introduce legislation to abolish slavery(finally enacted in 1834).

    6. Masonic Lodge: believed to be the location of the first meeting of the first parliament in Upper Canada in 1792; in 1793 the Act to Limit Slavery was given Royal Assent as many of the members of the legislature had black slaves; after 1793 children born to women who were slaves would be free at age 25; these people's children would be born free

    7. VOICES OF FREEDOM PARK: Entrance: Epa: West African symbol of handcuffs (law and justice; freedom from captivity); different paths people took to freedom; 2 walls represent obstacles to freedom: discrimination and racism; motif on Communal Circle Wall represents "Coloured Village" map; homes where blacks resided; circle expresses the ideas of kinship, harmony identity through communal action; contemplative spaces north and south...think about the legacies of slavery; what freedom meant to people the park honours and what freedom means to you.

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